If you suffer from pain and inflammation, you may have heard of Voltaren. This medication is used to treat a wide range of conditions, from osteoarthritis to menstrual cramps. While it is a popular choice for those seeking relief, it is important to understand what Voltaren is made of and how it works in the body. In this article, we will take a closer look at the ingredients of Voltaren and how they interact with your system.
The Active Ingredient: Diclofenac Sodium
At the heart of Voltaren is diclofenac sodium, the active ingredient that gives the medication its pain-relieving properties. Diclofenac is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that works by blocking the production of certain chemicals in the body that cause pain and inflammation. It is often used to treat conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis.
How Diclofenac Sodium Works
Diclofenac sodium works by inhibiting the activity of an enzyme called cyclooxygenase (COX). COX is responsible for producing prostaglandins, which are chemicals that promote inflammation and pain in the body. By blocking COX, diclofenac sodium reduces the production of prostaglandins, which in turn reduces inflammation and pain. This makes it an effective treatment for conditions such as arthritis and menstrual cramps.
While diclofenac sodium is the main ingredient in Voltaren, there are several other ingredients that are included in the medication. These are known as inactive ingredients, and they play a role in the formulation and effectiveness of the drug. Some of the inactive ingredients in Voltaren include:
1. Sodium Hydroxide
Sodium hydroxide is a chemical compound that is used to adjust the pH of the medication. This helps to ensure that the drug is stable and effective.
2. Propylene Glycol
Propylene glycol is a solvent that is used to dissolve the active ingredient and other components of the medication. It also helps to improve the absorption of the drug into the body.
3. Polysorbate 80
Polysorbate 80 is a surfactant that is used to improve the solubility of the active ingredient in the medication. It also helps to improve the absorption of the drug into the body.
4. Edetate Disodium
Edetate disodium is a chelating agent that is used to prevent the breakdown of the medication. It helps to ensure that the drug remains stable and effective.
Side Effects of Voltaren
While Voltaren is generally safe and effective, it can cause side effects in some people. Common side effects include: – Nausea – Diarrhea – Headache – Dizziness – Stomach pain – Constipation In rare cases, Voltaren can cause more serious side effects, such as liver damage or kidney problems. If you experience any unusual symptoms while taking Voltaren, be sure to contact your doctor right away.
In conclusion, Voltaren is a popular medication that is used to treat pain and inflammation. Its active ingredient, diclofenac sodium, works by blocking the production of chemicals that cause pain and inflammation in the body. While Voltaren is generally safe and effective, it is important to understand its ingredients and potential side effects before taking it. If you have any questions or concerns about Voltaren, be sure to talk to your doctor or pharmacist.